Introduction The history of Ireland is an old and honorable one; steeped in warfare, family, racial and religious traditions. No other country can compete in comparison. However, the first couple of millennia of Irish history have no relevance to this dating guide. Should you wish to read more on the history of the Irish, I recommend “The Story of the Irish Race” by Seumas MacManus who gives a very vivid, and near as we can tell, an accurate portrayal of their history. History pertinent to our purposes began in the year ; the year Charles Peterson opened a small tobacco shop in Dublin. In another of Peterson’s remarkable inventions became available, the Peterson-Lip P-Lip mouthpiece, also known as the Steck mouthpiece. So for the purpose of this dating guide, we will study Irish history, relevant to our pipe dating needs, from s until now.
What you need to know about jewelry hallmarks
The history of this foundry is well documented [1,2,3]. The first foundry was commercially more successful, while the second one was using a more advanced technology of galvanic silver deposition, which was first applied in Esslingen by the German chemist Carl Haegele in , the brother-in-law of Alfred Ritter. In the same year the Esslingen factory was dismantled and its equipment was incorporated into the Geislingen foundry.
During the next thirty years WMF experienced a period of rapid expansion, which lasted until the beginning of the World War in This WMF branch was mostly importing the base-metal items from Geislingen, performing silver-plating and then selling them in Russia under their own marks, see my recent article in ASCAS Newsletter . This firm like R.
The two-letter inscription “as” means artificial darkening of the silver surface to a nearly black colour, the so-called “antique silver finish”. The size of the ” as ” box varies between mm x .
If your number is higher, but less than the number for the next year, then your item had it’s design registered during that year. In July the numbering sequence changed as indicated on the chart. The last number issued in July was and began again In August starting with number To give an example using the number above the chart, Rd means: Design of your item was registered during The Public Record office and the British Government tend to enforce these marks and registration numbers.
Companies located outside the UK who have reproduced items, and tried to use a facsimile of the marks or numbering system have been sued, and have had sanctions imposed against them. This tends to protect the use of these marks, and in general restricts them to use on pieces made in the UK. This protects both collectors and the companies who registered the marks.
By Kate Miller-Wilson Antique Collector With its gorgeous sheen and spectacular workmanship, antique silver makes a fun and valuable collecting focus. There is a huge variety of silver pieces, from plated tea pots to sterling flatware to dresser sets and other decorative objects. However, there’s also a lot to know about antique silver, and it’s a good idea to educate yourself about this exciting area of antiques.
Solved: I would like to know the titles of some good silver hallmark reference books you all use. Can you help me please?
Its long history goes back to a small silversmith’s shop in Providence, Rhode Island, in the early s. You can trace its history through the use of the company’s hallmarks on sterling silver. Knowing what the hallmarks mean can tell you if you have an old or rare piece of Gorham sterling silver. Use a good magnifying glass to see small lettering, and polish your piece to brighten up the hallmark. The earliest hallmarks simply consist of the person’s name. This is usually his first initial and last name, or just the last name.
If the person worked with a partner, both last names are usually used. Look for the earliest for the earliest hallmarks from to If you have an item with this mark, you have a very old and rare piece of sterling silver. The common commonly made spoons, jewelry and small items at this time. Find for hallmarks from to These would read, “J.
Tips for Collecting Antique Silver
The decision was taken to limit the practice of clipping and melting sterling silver coinage which standard was maintained to sterling to make silverware. This behaviour had its origin during the reign of Charles II after the “restoration” , owing to of the largely increased request of fashioned silver for luxury and ostentation purposes note 2. The change of the “standard” required the change of the hallmarks.
GEORG JENSEN HALLMARKS. Because it’s stamped sterling, it’s most likely made after going to the sterling silver standard, dating the piece between and This old mark has the simple GI inscription as well the the mark and “DENMARK”.
The cellphone has replaced the pocket watch as a timepiece for most, but horology, the study of time and timepieces, continues to fascinate collectors. Horologists repair and restore, make, conserve and appreciate watches and clocks of all sizes and styles, reports The British Horology Institute. Old pocket watches carry secrets as well as the time. Look at the entire pocket watch before establishing a date.
The case may not be the original, and replacement parts are common. Another indication of replacement parts is subtle differences in the color of the metal. Check the name of the manufacturer on the watch face. Write the information out as you work so it will be available for researching the date. Open the watchcase carefully from the back to look inside. Some pocket watches have a hinged back, with a tiny indentation for lifting the back; others have threads that screw the back onto the bezel.
Josefsen The strong emphasis on enamel on silver that gave Norwegian goldsmiths their reputation made Norwegian silver a growing industry, and meant a lot for the export. This is especially true for the jewelry. Today one can find mid-century enameled jewelry from Norway anywhere in the world.
Edinburgh Date Letters. My tables of Edinburgh hallmarks show the deacon’s mark and town mark from until when the deacon’s mark was replaced by an Assay Master’s mark and a date letter was introduced. From then until the date letter was changed annually in September when the officers for the following year were elected.
Email Print Every collector knows that the quickest way to identify a piece of pottery or porcelain is to identify the mark, but sometimes it’s unreliable because marks are often forged and changed. This is a listing of the better-known marks and backstamps and enough information so that you can learn more about your porcelains. Research and experience will tell you if the color, texture, weight, design, or general “feel” of the piece is right.
This will help you identify the mark. The marks are listed according to their shapes. Some marks are made up of letters listed in alphabetical order. Some marks look like a circle, square, bird or animal shape, etc. There are many problems with company names. Obviously, the original name of a German company was in German. When translated, several possible forms could have been used.
Gorham silver used these housemarks in its sterling silver items: Tuttle Silversmiths – Boston, MA: Tuttle Silversmith was bought by Wallace Silversmiths in
The Book of Old Silver: English, American, Foreign [Seymour B. Wyler] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The art of silversmithing dates back to centuries ago, and its history is an interesting and intricate one.
Sheffield Plate is a cheaper substitute for sterling, produced by fusing sheets of silver to the top and bottom of a sheet of copper or base metal. This ‘silver sandwich’ was then worked into finished pieces. At first it was only put on one side and later was on top and bottom. Modern electroplating was invented by Italian chemist Luigi V. Brugnatelli used his colleague Alessandro Volta’s invention of five years earlier, the voltaic pile, to facilitate the first electrodeposition.
Unfortunately, Brugnatelli’s inventions were repressed by the French Academy of Sciences and did not become used in general industry for the following thirty years. Silver plate or electroplate is formed when a thin layer of pure or sterling silver is deposited electrolytically on the surface of a base metal. By , scientists in Britain and Russia had independently devised metal deposition processes similar to Brugnatelli’s for the copper electroplating of printing press plates.
Soon after, John Wright of Birmingham, England, discovered that potassium cyanide was a suitable electrolyte for gold and silver electroplating. Wright’s associates, George Elkington and Henry Elkington were awarded the first patents for electroplating in These two then founded the electroplating industry in Birmingham England from where it spread around the world.
The Language of Silver Marks
General overview For the meanings of gold standard hallmarks, see Carat purity. Historically, hallmarks were applied by a trusted party: Hallmarks are a guarantee of certain purity or fineness of the metal as determined by formal metal assay testing. Distinguishment Hallmarks are often confused with “trademarks” or “maker’s mark”. To be a true hallmark, it must be the guarantee of an independent body or authority that the contents are as marked.
Thus, a stamp of ‘ ‘ by itself is not, strictly speaking, a hallmark, but is rather an unattested fineness mark.
A hallmark is an official mark or series of marks struck on items made of metal, mostly to certify the content of noble metals—such as platinum, gold, silver and in some nations, a more general sense, the term hallmark can also be used to refer to any distinguishing characteristic.
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Gold Jewelry Hallmarks Identification
Only three Austrian thimble makers are known: Holland Between and small articles were marked with a dagger as an indication of fineness Items of lower silver content are marked Z Many thimbles found in Holland will have been imported and thus have a Dutch import mark. Tax paid marks were abolished in
Images, information and research on hallmarks / make marks for gold, sterling and silver. | See more about Dating, Silver jewelry and Office stamps. Identify the hallmarks on your gold using our free hallmark identification wizard.
We have two aims: The association carries out its activity on the internet within this website http: Its objectives are to host articles supplied by members on matters of common interest, to report links to websites related to silver and its hallmarks and to devote some pages to illustrate the most interesting pieces owned by our members Photos and a brief description will be sufficient. The page will be created by our staff: Our invitation is addressed to all private collectors and keen lovers of antique silver.
Professional dealers may join the ASCAS as collectors or for private interest on antique silver, but our website has no link with commercial firms or advertising objectives. Membership is absolutely free, but the association reserves the right to evaluate the requests for admission of its members. The request may be submitted by addressing an e-mail to silverassociation yahoo. It is a non-profit association without commercial links. Membership is open to whomever has a true interest in this subject matter.
ASCAS has no real property and no fees are requested nor accepted from members.